Antibiotics in suspension for children list

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Antibiotics for sore throat in children are assigned to the case where the cause of the disease is a bacterial infection.The most common bacterial causes strep sore throat.If angina developed due viral infection, the assignment of antibacterial agents is impractical and may even lead to complications in the form of allergic reactions in children.Therefore, before you assign your child antibiotics, the doctor will send his hand over the general analysis of blood from a finger and swab from the throat to the bacterial inoculation to determine the “culprit” of the disease.

Symptoms of bacterial tonsillitis

Often angina in children antibiotics are appointed by ENT physicians without prior analysis, only on the basis of symptoms.Bacterial tonsillitis is characterized by the following features:

  • body temperature above 38 degrees.
  • enlarged lymph nodes, with pressure on them there is pain.
  • light yellow plaque on the tonsils.
  • No cough, rhinitis.

If a child under the age of 15 years have these symptoms,

it is likely that the sore throat is caused by a streptococcal infection, and the doctor will prescribe an antibacterial agent.If your child has only a few of these symptoms are likely to have angina viral origin, and the use of antibacterial drugs will not give any results.Unfortunately, antibiotics are often prescribed to children “just in case, to be safe.”

What antibiotics given to children with angina?

choosing which antibiotic assign children with angina, your doctor takes into account the age and weight of patients.Typically, for the treatment of angina caused by streptococcus, prescribed antibiotics penicillin group: Bitsillin, Penicillin, Amoxiclav, Amoxil, Gramoks, Flemoksin, Hikontsil.If a baby is allergic to penicillin, it should not be prescribed drugs in this group.In such case the antibiotics from the group of lincosamides or macrolides: clarithromycin, erythromycin, Roxithromycin, Spiramycin, Lincomycin, Amoxicillin, Autmentin, Sumamed, Hemomitsin or azithromycin.

Antibacterial agents are available in different dosage forms: suspensions, tablets, capsules.Pediatrician, deciding which antibiotic to appoint angina children takes into account whether the child is to take a drug on this form.For example, thoracic baby can not swallow a capsule or tablet, so it is assigned a slurry.Thus, children under 3-6 years of age are antibacterial agents in the form of suspensions, from 6 to 12 years – in the form of small tablets with a dosage of medicament and after 12 years – the capsule, as well as adult patients.

most commonly prescribed antibiotics to children with angina and their names:

Amoxiclav.The maximum daily dose of suspension Amoksiklav calculated from rebtnka body weight: 45 mg of drug per kilogram of body weight.If the infection is moderate, it is determined from the dose rate of 25 mg per kilogram body weight.The usual scheme of the drug is about the:

  • from the first days of life up to 3 months, the daily dose is 30 mg per kilogram of body weight, it is divided equally and taken at regular intervals;
  • from 3 to 12 months – a daily dose of 20 mg per kilogram, the child receives 2.5 ml of suspension 3 times a day at intervals of 8 hours;
  • from 1 to 6 years – taking 5 ml suspension of 3 times a day at intervals of 8 hours;
  • from 7 to 12 years old – it takes 10 ml of suspension 3 times a day at intervals of 8 hours;
  • children of 12 years or with a body weight from 40 kg to take 1-2 tablets every 8 hours 3 times a day.

Sumamed (macrolide antibiotic).Sumamed as a suspension provide the child once a day for an hour before eating or 2 hours after.The daily dose of the drug calculated as follows: 10 mg per 1 kg of body weight.Antibiotics should be taken within 3 days.Doses of the drug at the same time will be approximately:

  • child’s body weight 5 kg – a daily dose of 2.5 ml of the suspension;
  • body weight 6 kg – 3 ml suspension;
  • body weight 7 kg – 3.5 ml of the suspension;
  • body weight 8 kg – 4 ml of the suspension;
  • body weight 9 kg – 4.5 ml of the suspension;
  • body weight 10-14 kg – 5 ml suspension.

Children from 3 to 12 years old (or weighing at least 45kg) once a day provide a tablet containing 125 mg of the drug.If the child’s weight from 45 kg Sumamed administered in capsules at a dose of 250-500 mg.

Side effects of antibiotics

matter what antibiotics given to children with angina, they all have side effects.The main side effects of all antibacterial agents is that they, along with disease-causing bacteria are killed helpful.And this leads to violations of the functioning of the digestive system, which is manifested in the form of diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain, increased gas production.In some cases, the side effects of antibiotics may manifest as skin rashes.

To reduce the risk of side effects, along with reception of antibiotics for sore throat in children prescribed antihistamines (eg, Aerius) and drugs that normalize the intestinal microflora (eg, Linex).

What antibiotics for sore throat in children contraindicated?

Not all antibacterial drugs can treat a sore throat in children.There are drugs that have a negative impact on the health of the baby.And the benefits of their use will be far less than the harm from side effects.These antibiotics have a negative impact on the development of the blood and bone tissue, thereby causing the formation of the pathology of the musculoskeletal system and circulatory system.They also have a toxic effect on the ENT organs, leading to hearing loss.

What antibiotics to children with angina can not appoint:

  • tetracyclines (Glikotsiklin, tetracycline, doxycycline);
  • Chloramphenicol;
  • Fluoroquinolones (ofloxacin, Moksivloksatsin, Tsiprolet, Ciprofloxacin, Levofloxacin).

Antibiotics have been associated with weight gain before, but new research indicates it may have the same effect on infants, too. Given that childhood obesity is linked to obesity later in life, prescribing antibiotics for children presents more problems for a nation already in the throes of an epidemic.

“We typically consider obesity an epidemic grounded in unhealthy diet and exercise, yet increasingly studies suggest it’s more complicated,” says Dr. Leonardo Trasande from the New York School of Medicine.

Antibiotics for Children and Adults Kill All Bacteria, Good and Bad

Traditional physicians typically prescribe antibiotics to kill harmful bacteria. But one side effect is the annihilation of beneficial bacteria in the gut. In addition to regulating gut health, these “good” bacteria affect the entire body, as evidenced in researcher Stephen Collins’ findings. The attack on this beneficial bacteria has even been shown to lead to mental illness, as beneficial bacteria are key in maintaining a healthy mental state.

“It may be that those changes in gut bacteria not only contribute to the generation of gut symptoms, like diarrhea or pain, but may also contribute to this altered behavior that we see in those patients,” including depression and anxiety.

“Microbes in our intestines may play critical roles in how we absorb calories,” says Dr. Trasande. “Exposure to antibiotics, especially early in life, may kill off healthy bacteria that influence how we absorb nutrients into our bodies, and would otherwise keep us lean.”

Microbiologist Cormac Gahan from University College Cork says gut bacteria could affect weight by affecting “energy extraction” and hormones.

Antibiotics for Children: Infant Obesity may Lead to Adult Obesity

In Dr. Trasande’s study, the killing off of good bacteria was likely the cause of the weight gain in studied infants. Among 11,532 children born at 2500 g in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), administered antibiotics for children between birth and 5 months of age resulted in weight gain between the age of 10 and 20 months. They were 22 percent more likely to be overweight at age 38 months.

Antibiotics don’t just affect a baby’s weight, however. According to research involving over 44,000 infants, Dr. Taveras (co-director of the One Step Ahead clinic) determined that babies overweight by the age of 2 were more likely to be obese by age 5 or 10. Another study published in Preventative Medicine reviewed epidemiologic literature published between 190 and 1992 and determined that:

  • About a third (26 to 41 percent) of obese preschoolers were obese as adults.
  • About half (42 to 63 percent) of obese school-aged children were obese as adults.

Gahan says the research is in its early stages and will continue.

When children get sick, caring parents trytreat with a minimum amount of medication. And as soon as it comes to antibiotics – immediately there are many doubts and anxieties, because their reception does not pass without a trace, especially for such small patients.

One of the combined antibiotics of a widespectrum of action, which is used to treat both adults and children, is augmentin. Unlike most similar drugs, this drug contains two active substances – amoxicillin and clavulanic acid. By combining these two components, augmentin is a highly effective drug. This antibiotic is available in the form of tablets, syrup, powder for injection, and as a dry substance for the preparation of a suspension. As a rule, for the treatment of children under 12 years of age, augmentin is administered as a syrup or suspension. This drug is well tolerated even by the smallest patients, but nevertheless, one should be careful, since the risk of allergic reactions is possible.

Augmentin for children in the form of a suspension is indicated for use:

  • with acute or chronic bacterial infections of the respiratory tract and ENT organs, they include – angina, tonsillitis, pharyngitis, otitis, maxillary sinusitis, bronchitis;
  • with diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract, for example – chronic cystitis, pyelonephritis;
  • with diseases of bones and joints – arthritis, osteomyelitis;
  • with purulent infections of the skin and soft tissues.

How to take augmentin suspension for children?

The exact dosage of the drugAugmentin for children should be determined by the doctor, based on the child’s age, weight, and also depending on the complexity of the disease. Suspension must be prepared immediately before the start of treatment, diluting the powder in the vial with boiled water. Keep the medicine in the refrigerator for no more than 7 days. As a rule, a single dose of augmentin for children aged 6-12 years is 10 ml of suspension, from 1-6 years – 5 ml, and for infants of the first year of life – 2 ml. The prescribed dose should be taken before meals three times a day. To treat children who are over 12 years old, augmentin is prescribed in the form of tablets.

Augmentin suspension – side effects

The side effects of this antibiotic are manifestedvery rarely, but a list of possible undesirable manifestations still exists. Allergic reactions are the main side effect of the augmentin drug. It should be noted that they can occur in mild form, but in any case, the drug must be withdrawn. In addition, there may be unpleasant sensations from the gastrointestinal tract – nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.

Therefore, the drug is recommended to takeimmediately before eating. As for the nervous system, there is probably a headache, dizziness, and in rare cases – seizures. Also, as with the use of other antibiotics, in order to avoid the development of dysbacteriosis and inflammatory bowel disease, other drugs should be taken in parallel, which help maintain the necessary intestinal microflora.

In modern medicine augmentin deservedreputation of an effective antibiotic and is now widely used in pediatrics. This medication or any other antibiotics should not be used for self-treatment. Take care of your health and the health of your children!

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