To date, there is no shortage of medicines -Pharmacies can offer several similar in effect drugs. We have prepared for you a list of broad-spectrum antibiotics in tablets so that unnecessary confusion can be avoided, because each pharmacological agent has certain characteristics.
Strong broad-spectrum antibiotics in tablets – what to choose?
Depending on the nature of the main operatingSubstances distinguish several groups of antibiotics. Each of them may be preferable to others, depending on the condition of the patient, his age, and the diseases he has suffered.
The most effective and often used group is penicillins. They can be of natural and synthetic origin. Here are the most popular drugs for ingestion:
- Flemoclav Solutab;
These drugs may be prescribed forPregnancy and children. They are effective for various types of bacterial infections – both in the respiratory system and in the genitourinary system. Can be used for suppuration as a result of operations and injuries. A similar broad-spectrum antibiotic is drunk at 3 tablets a day, unless the doctor has given other recommendations. To the disadvantages of penicillins can be attributed frequent cases of allergy to the whole of this group of drugs.
As an alternative to penicillins, cephalosporins can be offered. Usually, antibiotics of this type are administered intramuscularly and intravenously, only Cefixime is allowed inside.
Another large group of broad antibioticsSpectrum of action – macrolides. The effect of these drugs is slower, because their purpose is not to kill the bacteria, but to stop their reproduction. As a plus, one can note rare cases of allergy. Here are the most popular drugs:
- Zetamax Retard;
- Zitrolide forte;
This type of broad-spectrum antibiotic is also prescribed 3 tablets per day for adults.
The most powerful antibiotics
The strongest broad-spectrum antibiotics belong to the group of fluoroquinolones. They are appointed only in emergency situations because of
A large number of side effects and possible contraindications. First of all, it is forbidden to stay in the sun for 3 days after the reception. This group includes such medicines:
- Augmentin: combined broad-spectrum antibiotic action mechanism
Augmentin produced in the form of tablets, suspensions and injectable solutions.augmentin active compounds are amoxycillin and clavulanic acid, a compound which is known as amoksiklav .Amoxicillin belongs to the antibiotics of the penicillin group, and clavulanic acid prevents the destruction of amoxicillin by bacteria. Amoxiclav is part of the drugs that are used to treat bacterial infections.
Amoxicillin destroys cell walls of harmful bacteria whose integrity is critically important for the survival of organisms, since they prevent the entry into cells of potentially dangerous foreign substances. Some bacteria are resistant to the action of antibiotics of the penicillin group – since the appearance of these drugs, these bacteria have developed the ability to produce protective enzymes – beta-lactamases. They destroy the structure of antibiotics, preventing them from fulf
illing their task.
Clavulanic acid refers to substances known as beta-lactamase inhibitors. Inhibiting the activity of beta-lactamases, clavulanic acid preserves the sensitivity of bacteria to the action of amoxicillin and increases the number of varieties of bacteria with which amoxicillin can fight.
Therefore, amoxiclav is called a broad-spectrum antibiotic – it can kill bacteria of many species that are the causative agents of common infections. It is often used to treat infections that amoxicillin can not cope with.
To ensure that the bacteria that caused the infection are susceptible to amoxicillin, the doctor performs an analysis of urine, blood or tissue sample before prescribing this drug.
Augmentin is used for treating the following diseases:
- Bacterial infections of the upper airways( e.g. sinusitis)
- Bacterial infections of the lower respiratory tract such as bronchitis or pneumonia
- bacterial infections ear, nose or throat
- Bacterial infection of the urinary tract or kidney
- Bites infitsirovaGOVERNMENTAL animal, bacterial infections of soft tissue and skin
- Abscesses teeth
- Osteomyelitis and other bacterial infections of the bones and joints
- Bacterial genital infections, including those that develop after
- birth or abortion Bacterial infections of the abdominal cavity, for example, peritonitis
In these cases, as a rule, reception of augmentin in the form of tablets is recommended. For more serious infections or if oral medication is impossible for any reason, injections are made. The reception of augmentin is also prescribed to prevent infections in patients who underwent surgery.
How to take Augmentin
In most cases, take Augmentin in the form of tablets and suspensions need three times a day – every eight hours. Absorption of augmentin into the blood is better and faster, if taken directly before meals. This will also minimize the likelihood of developing side effects associated with bowel function. .Augmentin in the form of tablets should be washed down with water.
Today, doctors no longer recommend patients taking simultaneously augmentin and hormonal contraceptives, use additional contraception during the course of treatment and seven days after the end. Contrary to the prevailing opinion in the medical community, augmentin does not reduce the effectiveness of hormonal contraceptives. Only in those cases when augmentin causes prolonged vomiting and diarrhea, additional measures may be needed to prevent unwanted pregnancies, but this should be discussed with the doctor in each case.
In rare cases, augmentin disrupts the effect of warfarin anticoagulant .Patients who regularly take warfarin while taking augmentin may need to undergo frequent examinations to monitor their health status.
During the reception of augmentin from the body, methotrexate is excreted from the body more slowly than usual, which causes the concentration of the latter in the blood, as well as the risk of undesirable side effects, to increase significantly. To monitor the patient’s condition, regular blood tests are necessary during the course of augmentin treatment.
The use of a vaccine against typhus( Vivotif) is contraindicated at the same time as taking augmentin, and also for at least three days after the end of the course of treatment. This is due to the fact that the antibiotic makes the vaccine much less effective.
Allopurinol, when taken concomitantly with augmentin, increases the likelihood of skin rash, which is one of the side effects of allopurinol.
Probenecid increases the concentration of augmentin in the blood, so doctors usually reduce the recommended dose of one of the medications for the patient.
Read more → Mechanism of action
Antibiotics so-called tetracycline – biomitsin, terramycin and tetracyclines, and chloramphenicol and its chemical counterparts – syntomycin and chloramphenicol – called broad-spectrum antibiotics. They not only inhibit the growth of many bacteria where there is a penicillin (staphylococci, streptococci and other) and streptomycin (Escherichia coli, the causative agent of plague and others), but also inhibit the development of Rickettsia, and some of the major viruses.
Streptomycin, like penicillin, has no medical effect at diseases, pathogens which are not bacteria, rickettsiae, and viruses. Under high magnification microscope (2 thousands of times), you can see the smallest of the bullock, often rod-shaped form, which are much smaller than bacteria and unlike them do not grow on artificial nutrient media, and reproduce only within the cells of an animal organism. It rickettsiae, which are the causative agents of diseases such as typhus.
Viruses even less than rickettsiae. They go through bacterial filters that trap on the surface of bacteria. So they called a filterable virus.
The amount of bacteria is measured in microns (one thousandth of a millimeter), the amount of virus in millimicron (one thousandth of a micrometer, or one millionth fraction of a millimeter). The size of the largest virus reaches several hundred millimicron (virus fever), the size of the smallest viruses are just a few of millimicron (polio virus).
Viruses, as well as rickettsiae, absolute parasites and develop only within living cells. Filterable virus are the agents of many diseases, including influenza, measles, smallpox, encephalitis, rabies, trachoma, fever, polio, and so on broad-spectrum Antibiotics was effective only in diseases caused major viruses. These include trachoma and psittacosis-fever.
Biomycin-chlortetracycline (abroad aureomycin), terramycin-oxytetracycline and tetracycline belong to antibiotics tetratziklinovogo stimulants. Producers of these antibiotics are radiant fungus. In the treatment of many diseases all three drugs tetratziklinovogo stimulants produce the same results; under certain infections one of them can have a more pronounced effect.
Tetracycline antibiotics are produced by our industry in the form of tablets, pills and medicines and are introduced mainly through the mouth, as they are well absorbed into the blood from the gastrointestinal tract.
Tetracyclines are widely used in the treatment of dysentery, diphtheria, scarlet fever, brucellosis, tularemia, whooping cough. They treat subacute bacterial endocarditis, pneumonia, and urinary tract infections. These drugs are prescribed to prevent borne complications. Tetracyclines in combination with akmolina proved to be effective for the treatment of diphtheria (together with antidiareynoe serum) and for the renovation of the media diphtheria Bacillus. Biomitsin with akmolina successfully used in acute catarrh of the upper respiratory tract.
In some cases with surgical diseases penicillin and streptomycin cease to operate. As happens, for example, at peritonitis caused by microbes that have become resistant to penicillin and streptomycin in the treatment of sepsis, boils, etc. And then come to the aid of tetracyclines. In therapeutic practice, such as pneumonia caused penicillinonline microbes can apply biomitsin.
Tetracycline antibiotics can also cause adverse reactions. Patients receive a disorder of the gastrointestinal tract (diarrhea, vomiting, nausea. Sometimes there is a local inflammatory reaction, itching, rash. Some patients have stomatitis, glossit or vaginitis caused by yeast-like fungi of the Candida. In rare cases, very weakened patients in the propagation of Candida may occur Candida sepsis.
All of these side effects usually terminated, if the patient stops to take antibiotics. However, in some cases – Candida – have to be administered to a patient a new antibiotic – nystatin, which is detrimental effect on Candida.
What is called reproduction of yeast-like fungi in the gastrointestinal tract? Fungi of Candida are the permanent inhabitants of the intestine. They settle on the skin and mucous person in the first days after birth and remain here almost all my life, not bringing harm to the body.
In some cases, the use of antibiotics in the body die some microbes – antagonists yeast-like fungi, and then Candida start hard to reproduce.