How the throat is arranged

Throat singing performer inhales as much air as it can be contained in his lungs and singer’s success depends on his ability to control his own respiratory diaphragm. Read how this unusual singing technique has stayed unaltered for a lot of centuries. 

Bakhtiyar Amanzhol  

First of all, before we talk about Kazakh timbers, I will tell about  timber in general. When we hear a sound, just a sound, we by our subconsciousness, tie it to some image. Maybe for you it will be cold, maybe fat or instead slender as a cedar. What is a connection between sound (after all a sound, in terms of such section of physics as acoustics is a vibration in a range which our ear catches) and mind? To answer this question it is necessary to slightly plunge into the science. By the way, information about that phenomenon formulated for recent decades including in writings of the author of this article are indeed interesting and informative.  

TIMBRE: HOW IT WORKS 

Present-day studies show that connection results from a property of our mind to associatively translate vibration properties into an image. In point of fact, here we touch upon the subject – language or music? Is there a sign in music which is read and which connects these two banks of music – physics and mind? The sign is a vertical. In psychology of the second half of the last century there was a formulated notion of how the consciousness ‘operates’ spatial notions. Which is to say that all thoughts are images in spatial volumes (K. Pribram ‘Brain Languages’). Vertical is just the most important structural coordinate in that space of our consciousness. It is connected with understanding of our human body (also vertical) and also idea, residing deeply at the back of our consciousness, that the world or as cultural studies scholars call it – World Picture – is multi-storeyed and it is also arranged along the vertical axis. The world is of course much more intricate than the volume which can be integrated by a vertical. Contemporary studies show that it (the world) can be 4-dimensional, 5-dimensional, 6-dimesional and even more dimensional. And our brain is aware of that. But for the sake of simplicity we reduce everything to tridimensional measurement and vertical here is just the thing. Well, we also perceive sound as something inside which there is a vertical. This is facilitated by the fact that sound has the so called overtone, i.e. side tones. We do not pay attention to them, but our consciousness hears them. These side tones are always arranged in a strict mathematical order from ‘lower’ (i.e. with a lower vibration frequency) to ‘higher’ (i.e. with higher vibration frequency). It is especially well heard in a sound cleaned from noses. The most important thing in this argument is that we associatively perceive this sequence of sound and its side tones as a vertical.  

Now then, timber, in terms of physics, is a ratio of overtones. And they are always different: either upper tones protrude or lower tones protrude. Either some tones disappear and we perceive this as a failure, emptiness in space. Thus, for instance, clarinet lacks odd overtones and therefore we perceive its sounding as cold or as sorrow, restraint, aristocraticism. This depends on how a composer accentuates in his composition, how this or that ear hears. 

What is more, timbre is a ratio of a certain sound and noises which complete it. Imagine that a sound contains noises and hisses that complement it. Have you imagined? It can associate with a combination of thick and thin, foggy that surrounds it. Which is to say the whole space is composite in terms of its characteristics. That is what timbre. Of course it is just a simplified description of what forms our image perception of a sound. And now, after this brief excursion into modern musicological science combining physics, psychology and mythology, let’s turn to cultural studies and ethnology studies. 

SOUND FROM A VIEWPOINT OF CULTURAL STUDIES AND ETHNOLOGY STUDIES
Here is a question: what is a difference between timbres of kobyz and violin? The answer is following: it is different space models. In case of kobyz, overtones protrude and noises are heard in a sound, since both string and bow are a flock of horse hairs. Meanwhile, violin has a much more concise sound. There can be another article covering a worldview foundation of these two diverse timbres. And now let’s pay our attention to the fact that in the Kazakh music timbre model of kobyz repeats itself in other instruments as well: shan-kobyz, sybyzgy. The European music does not have such thing. Further one may note that such timbre aesthetics dominates in musical cultures of a lot of peoples of Asia from the Ural Mountains to the East up to the Pacific Ocean. Instruments are named differently but their design features, timbre nature are related. Along with that, all peoples of this huge region have one intonation-related specific feature in their musical traditions, i.e. drawing sound is interrupted by something like appoggiatura, a small break in sounding. This is heard both in vocal and instrumental music. For instance, in the Kazakh tradition of dombra it is valuable that sound is completed with side tones achieved by finger movements of the left hand clamping the string.

This tradition underlies a special manner of signing which is called throat singing. Occlusion of a palate and a far part of the tong produces this special intonation which can be distantly described as a combination of sounds ‘nga, nga, nga’. Upon throat singing, in a sound one can distinctly hear a fundamental tone and its upper overtones and also extra ‘noise-induced’ side tones can be heard. At the world view subconscious level this timbre is connected with an image of the world in which there is a way of connection with the subtle worlds of the Space (upper overtones), with the world of ancestors talking as if from under the ground, with subtle levels of the physical space (aura) easily associated via accompanying noises. One of weighty conclusion which arises from such studies is that the Kazakh traditional musical culture in its code basis is a part of tradition of the huge superethnos inhabiting Central and Eastern Asia.

Bakhtiyar Amanzhol, 

    composer, musicologist, candidate of art criticism,
  Professor of Kazakh National Kurmangazy Conservatory

dalatunes.kz

Most cases of cancer of the larynx occur in people aged over 60. The common early symptom is a persistent hoarse voice. Many cases are diagnosed at an early stage when there is a good chance of a cure. In general, the more advanced the cancer (the more it has grown and spread), the less chance that treatment will be curative.

What is the larynx?

The larynx is the top part of the windpipe (trachea). It is about 5 cm long and is sometimes called the voice box. You can see and feel the front part of the larynx as the Adam’s apple on the front of the neck, just below the chin.

The larynx contains the vocal cords. These are V-shaped ridges of muscle tissue on the inside lining of the larynx. They vibrate when air passes between them to produce speech.

When you breathe in, air passes into the larynx and down the trachea towards the lungs. When you swallow, the larynx moves upwards slightly and a flap of cartilage tissue at the back of the tongue, called the epiglottis, closes over the entrance to the larynx. This ensures that food or drink goes down the gullet (oesophagus) and not down the trachea.

What is throat (laryngeal) cancer?

Cancer of the larynx is sometimes called laryngeal cancer. Some people also call it throat cancer. However, the throat includes the larynx and other nearby structures. Laryngeal cancer is just one type of cancer that can occur in the throat. Throat (laryngeal) cancer is uncommon in the UK with around 2,000 cases developing each year. It is four times more common in men than in women. It is rare in people aged under 40 years and is most common in people aged over 60 years.

There are different types of throat (laryngeal) cancer:

  • Squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx occurs in more than 9 in 10 cases. This type arises from cells which are on the inside lining of the larynx.
  • Other types. There are some rare types of cancer which arise from other types of cells within the larynx. For example, adenocarcinoma of the larynx arises from cells in the tiny glands in the wall of the larynx that make mucus. There are some other very rare types.

See separate leaflet called Cancer – A General Overview for more general information about cancer

The rest of this leaflet is about squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx.

What causes throat (laryngeal) cancer?

A cancerous (malignant) tumour starts from one abnormal cell. The exact reason why a cell becomes cancerous is unclear. It is thought that something damages or alters certain genes in the cell. This makes the cell abnormal and multiply out of control. See separate leaflet called What Causes Cancer for more details.

Some people develop throat (laryngeal) cancer for no apparent reason. However, certain risk factors increase the chance that cancer of the larynx may develop. These include:

  • Ageing. It is more common in older people. Most cases are in people over 60.
  • Smoking. The damaging smoke passes through the larynx to get to the lungs.
  • Drinking a lot of alcohol, especially spirits.
  • A poor diet may be a risk factor, especially a diet lacking in certain vitamins and minerals.
  • Long-term exposure to certain chemicals, fumes or pollutants may irritate the larynx if you breathe them in and may increase the risk.
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) has been shown in some studies to be associated with cancer of the larynx.

What are the symptoms of throat (laryngeal) cancer?

  • A hoarse voice is often the first symptom because most cancers of the larynx first start on, or close by, a vocal cord. The problem is, a hoarse voice is a common symptom of a viral infection of the larynx (laryngitis). Most people with hoarseness do not have cancer. However, laryngitis usually clears within a week or so. Therefore, see a doctor if you develop a hoarse voice which does not go within 2-4 weeks.
  • Other symptoms that may occur as the tumour grows in the larynx include: a lump in the throat, pain in the throat when swallowing, difficulty with breathing. These symptoms may occur before a hoarse voice develops if the tumour does not start next to the vocal cords.
  • If the cancer spreads to local lymph glands (lymph nodes) then the nearby glands in the neck will swell.
  • If the cancer spreads to other parts of the body, various symptoms can develop.

All the symptoms can be due to other conditions, so tests are needed to confirm the diagnosis.

How is throat (laryngeal) cancer diagnosed and assessed?

Initial assessment

If a doctor suspects that you may have throat (laryngeal) cancer, he or she will refer you to an ear, nose and throat (ENT) specialist. The specialist will examine the inside of your throat by using a small mirror and light. He or she may also use a thin, flexible, telescope (a nasoendoscope). This is passed into your nose and down the back of your throat. The nasoendoscope contains fibre-optic channels, allowing light to shine down so the doctor can see inside. (The throat is usually sprayed with a local anaesthetic before using a nasendoscope so the procedure is not too uncomfortable.)

To confirm the diagnosis

If anything suspicious is seen by the examination or with the nasoendoscope, you will usually need a biopsy. A biopsy is a procedure involving a small sample of tissue being removed from a part of the body. The sample is then looked at under the microscope to look for abnormal cells. The biopsy sample is obtained by a thin, flexible grabbing instrument which is passed through your nose into the larynx. The same instrument has a light source similar to a nasoendoscope. Therefore, the specialist will also examine the windpipe (trachea) and the gullet (oesophagus) to see the extent of any tumour.

Assessing the extent and spread (staging)

In addition to the above tests, if you are confirmed to have throat (laryngeal) cancer then further tests may be done; for example, biopsy samples may be taken from the nearby lymph glands by using a fine needle. This helps to assess if any cancer cells have spread to the lymph glands.

Other tests may be arranged to see if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body. For example, a CT scan, an MRI scan, or other tests. (The separate leaflets describe each of these tests in more detail.)

This assessment is called staging of the cancer. The aim of staging is to find out:

  • How much the tumour in the larynx has grown.
  • Whether the cancer has spread to local lymph nodes.
  • Whether the cancer has spread to other areas of the body (metastasised).

Grade of the cancer

The biopsy samples are looked at under the microscope to asses the cancer cells. By looking at certain features of the cells the cancer can be graded.

The common grading system used for throat (laryngeal) cancer is:

  • Grade 1 (low grade). The cells look reasonably similar to normal cells in the larynx. The cancer cells are said to be well differentiated. The cancer cells tend to grow and multiply quite slowly and are not so aggressive.
  • Grade 2 (intermediate grade).
  • Grade 3 (high grade). The cells look very abnormal and are said to be poorly differentiated. The cancer cells tend to grow and multiply quite quickly and are more aggressive.

By finding out the stage and grade of the cancer it helps doctors to advise on the best treatment options. It also gives a reasonable indication of outlook (prognosis). However, for throat (laryngeal) cancer, it may not be possible to give an accurate staging until after an operation to remove the tumour.  See separate leaflet called Staging and Grading Cancer for more details.

What are the treatment options for throat (laryngeal) cancer?

Treatment options which may be considered include radiotherapy, surgery and chemotherapy. The treatment advised for each case depends on various factors such as the exact site of the primary tumour in the larynx, the stage of the cancer (how large the cancer is and whether it has spread), the grade of the cancerous cells and your general health.

You should have a full discussion with a specialist who knows your case. They will be able to give the pros and cons, likely success rate, possible side-effects and other details about the possible treatment options for your type of cancer.

You should also discuss with your specialist the aims of treatment. For example:

  • In some cases, treatment aims to cure the cancer. There is a good chance of a cure if it is treated in the early stages. Many cases are diagnosed at an early stage. This is because tests are usually done if you develop a persistent hoarse voice which often develops when the cancer is still at an early stage. (Doctors tend to use the word remission rather than the word cured. Remission means there is no evidence of cancer following treatment. If you are in remission, you may be cured. However, in some cases a cancer returns months or years later. This is why doctors are sometimes reluctant to use the word cured.)
  • In some cases, treatment aims to control the cancer. If a cure is not realistic, with treatment it is often possible to limit the growth or spread of the cancer so that it progresses less rapidly. This may keep you free of symptoms for some time.
  • In some cases, treatment aims to ease symptoms. For example, if a cancer is advanced then you may require painkillers or other treatments to help keep you free of pain or other symptoms. Some treatments may be used to reduce the size of a cancer, which may ease symptoms such as pain or difficulty with swallowing.

Radiotherapy

This is the common treatment if the cancer is small and has not spread from the larynx (early stage). Radiotherapy is a treatment which uses high-energy beams of radiation which are focused on cancerous tissue. This kills cancer cells, or stops cancer cells from multiplying. See separate leaflet called Radiotherapy for more details.

Radiotherapy alone gives a good chance of a cure if the cancer is at an early stage. Radiotherapy is also sometimes used in addition to surgery or chemotherapy in certain situations. For example, radiotherapy may be used to shrink a large tumour prior to surgery. This may give a better chance of success with surgery. It is sometimes used following surgery, to kill any cancer cells which may have been left behind following the operation.

Surgery

Tumours which are larger tend to require surgery. Sometimes surgery is aimed at curing the cancer by removing it all. Sometimes surgery is used to relieve symptoms if the cancer is at an advanced stage (palliative surgery). The operations are all done whilst you are asleep under a general anaesthetic.

The type of operation done depends on the size of the tumour, the exact site of the tumour in the larynx and whether the cancer has spread to nearby structures or lymph glands. For example:

  • Endoscopic resection. This is a technique which can remove a small tumour in the larynx. Instruments which cut out a tumour are passed down the inside of the larynx. Sometimes a laser is used to burn out the tumour. This technique does not involve a cut from the outside. It is only suitable for tumours that are small and still confined to the inner lining of the larynx.
  • Partial laryngectomy. This is an operation where the affected part of the larynx is cut out. A cut is made in the front of the neck to get at the larynx. If only part of the larynx is removed you should not need a permanent hole in the neck (stoma) to breathe and speech may be preserved. A temporary stoma may be required whilst the wound is healing.
  • A total laryngectomy. This is an operation where the entire larynx is removed. To be able to breathe after the operation, the top part of the windpipe (trachea) is attached to the front of the neck. You will then have a permanent stoma in the front of the neck. The vocal cords will have been removed so you will not be able to speak normally again. However, there are various techniques that you can be taught by a speech therapist which can enable you to make sounds and speak in a different way.

If the cancer has spread, the surgeon may also remove lymph glands and other structures near to the larynx in addition to removing the larynx. The amount of tissue removed depends on the extent of local spread of the cancer.

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is a treatment which uses anti-cancer drugs to kill cancer cells, or to stop them from multiplying. Chemotherapy used in conjunction with radiotherapy is sometimes used as an alternative to surgery. It aims to preserve the larynx and normal speech. Your specialist will advise when this may be an option. Chemotherapy may also be advised if the cancer has spread to other areas of the body. See separate leaflet called Chemotherapy with Cytotoxic Medicines for more details.

Other treatments

Cetuximab is a fairly new treatment for throat (laryngeal) cancer. It is a type of monoclonal antibody which means that it can recognise and bind to specific proteins (receptors) that are found in the cancer cells. These proteins are epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFRs) which stimulate the cancer cell to grow and divide. Cetuximab locks on to the EGFR and can prevent the cancer cells from growing and dividing.

Cetuximab is a treatment that is usually given at the same time as radiotherapy in people who are unable to have chemotherapy.

What is the outlook (prognosis)?

If a throat (laryngeal) cancer is diagnosed and treated at an early stage then there is a good chance of a cure. A cure is less likely if the cancer has spread.

The treatment of cancer is a developing area of medicine. New treatments continue to be developed and the information on outlook above is very general. The specialist who knows your case can give more accurate information about your particular outlook and how well your type and stage of cancer is likely to respond to treatment.

patient.info

How the human heart is organized for more than three centuries. But it has not been fully understood until now. It remains a mystery what or who gives the first push to the heart. At first, it was assumed that the signal to the first life-beating comes through the cardiac nerves or myocardium. Then they found out that the heart of the fetus makes the first push before the nerve endings grow into it. The ear of the heart begins to contract already in the third week after conception.

Heart.

As a result of experiments on animals, it became clear that if you cut the nerves that connect the heart to the spinal cord and brain, cardiac activity will not stop. It is known that the heart beats for a while even after full extraction from the body. Moreover, the heart is arranged so that if you cut out a piece of the heart muscle and put it in physiological saline, it will shrink at the rhythm in which the heart has previously contracted.

The human heart has a mechanism of self-management, which

is in the form of nodules in a cluster of nerve cells. Bioelectric impulses in the heart muscle arise automatically. They make the heart rhythmically contract. The fibers of the intracardiac nervous system innervate not only the heart muscle, but also the musculature of the coronary vessels. Scientists still do not understand how these “nervous” devices function.

The heart is a miniature power station that generates electricity. The electric field of the human heart reaches its maximum at the moment of contraction, with physical and emotional stress. The electric field of the heart in space spreads with light speed. Perhaps, this explains that close people at a great distance feel that something has happened to the beloved person.

Technically, the heart is a pump that pumps blood. And the blood, in turn, delivers to every cell of the body food and oxygen, and on the way back absorbs waste life and carbon dioxide. Without a heart and blood vessels of different diameters, life would not have developed into complex forms and would have frozen at the level of simple organisms. In humans, only veins, capillaries and arteries have a total length of about 100 thousand kilometers!

Circulatory system.

The onset of the circulatory system is the aorta. It departs from the heart, dividing into arteries, arterioles and smallest capillaries. From the beginning of the aorta, coronary arteries branch off, each about 10 cm in length. They envelop the heart, providing it with oxygen and nutrients. Inside the vessels are muscles that narrow and widen the passage. Each vascular has its own nervous regulation, which is subject to capillaries from the center.

Compressing, the heart drives blood through the arteries. And relaxing, loads the veins, through which the used blood is extracted from the tissues of the body. The heart needs a lot of oxygen. Having an average mass of 310 g( half a percent of body weight), it consumes up to 70% oxygen. That is, the rest of the body remains only 30%.

The human heart is designed so that the more it contracts, the greater the pressure in the arterial system. Arterial pressure is always greater than the venous pressure, because a powerful flow of blood after the contraction of the heart collapses on the arteries. The normal pressure at the time of contraction of the heart( arterial) is 120 mm Hg. And at the time of relaxation of the heart( pressure in the veins) – 70/80 mm.

The heart of a person pumps 5-8 liters of blood in one minute. For a day the volume reaches 7500 liters. And for human life( 70 years) – about 400 thousand tons. The heart is able to reduce for a day 100 thousand times.

The heart shrinks rapidly, for each cycle it takes only 0.7-0.8 seconds. And the contraction of the ventricles lasts 0.3 seconds, and the remaining time the heart relaxes. For 0.4-0.5 seconds of relaxation, it can fill with a new portion of blood. If the heart does not work for more than five minutes, life stops.

On the device, the human heart seems simple. In fact, this is an amazingly perfect system, melting puzzles for modern science. It works without rest all our lives. Therefore, he needs to help, no matter how banal, healthy way of life.

vlamed.com

…with tips from a real-life circus sword swallower. Because who better to teach you to gobble down a pork cutlass without gagging?!

In a hideously stereotypical, sexist List of Deep Things In Order Of Male Preference, ‘deep and meaningful conversations’ and ‘deep cleaning’ would lay, loathed, at the bottom, while towering at the top, allegedly adored by all men, would be ‘deep fried foods’, ‘deep pan pizza’… and ‘deep throating’.

What is deep throat?

‘Deep throating’ is a full-on form of oral sex, in which a bloke’s erect penis is taken all the way to the back of the mouth, so it enters the throat, and may even be momentarily partially swallowed. If the person doing the deep throating is unable to override their natural gag reflex (which is purposefully designed to stop objects entering the throat, and thus prevent choking), then coughing, spluttering or – bletch – vomiting may occur as their partner’s wang whacks against their tonsils.

Yet despite the risk that it may cause a gal to blow chunks during a blow job, deep throating is supposedly the holy grail of head-giving. According to received wisdom, guys find that being deep throated turns them on like Blackpool illuminations. But is that really true, or is it yet another myth perpetuated by porn?

Do guys actually like deep throat?

‘I’ve heard mates say that it feels amazing when a girl’s throat is squeezing and pulsing around their dick, but to be honest, I think the thrill of being deep-throated is more psychological than physical,’ says Bryan, 25.

‘It’s a power thing – like, “Oh yeah, take my whole cock”. And if a lass coughs a bit, it makes me feel good about the size of my junk; it’s flattering that it’s hard for her to manage the total length of me. Although only a douchebag would get off on making his girlfriend genuinely suffer. In fact, I suspect my ex used to pretend she was struggling to handle my girth more than she actually was, to give me an ego boost!’

Read More: Your Need To Know On Ben Wah Balls

Mark, 27, agrees that the buzz he gets from a deep-throat BJ is ‘more about lovig the fact that my partner is willing to do something so extreme and obscene, and watching her push herself to her limits for me, rather than the physical sensations involved actually being that mind-blowing – although the visual is ridiculously sexy, too.’

I spoke to one man – Ben, 28 – who reported that deep-throating was actually uncomfortable for him. ‘I don’t like being crammed, jammed and bent into someone’s mouth,’ he said.

Another guy said the sight of ‘a girl retching, with mascara streaming down her face as her eyes water just seems utterly horrible.’

Science says that the most sensitive, nerve-ending-rich areas of a man’s meat are around the head, so you can give a hella-good hummer just by concentrating your efforts at the top end of his todger. However, it does seem like there’s a good case for giving deep-throating a try, if you’re so inclined – not least because some women find it hyper-hot themselves.

Do women enjoy giving deep throat?

‘I get such a kick out of being able to show off how deep I can take a cock – it’s a point of pride, and massively empowering to know I have the entirety of his most important organ in my mouth,’ says Penny, 23.

Alex, 31, says she has to stay so calm and concentrate so much in order to deep-throat her boyfriend’s total length, bit by bit, that she finds it an almost meditative experience. Deep throating for deep relaxation – who’da thunk it?! Buddjism, anyone?

Deep throating certainly isn’t everyone’s cuppa, whether male or female, but if you do want to give it a whirl, read our top tips before you dive in at the deep end, and avoid an epic fail-latio…

How do you deep throat someone?

• Test out your gag reflex and get used to the sensation of deep throating before attempting it IRL by experimenting with a banana or dildo in private. Yup, you’ll feel like a numpty – but that’s infinitely less embarrassing than accidentally regurgitating all over his gonads.

Some people also ‘train’ themselves daily to control their gag reflex by purposefully tickling the back of their throat with their toothbrush every time they clean their gnashers.

• ‘Deep throating is an intense and intimate act, which you should only attempt with partners you trust 100%,’ advises Renee, manager of Sh! sex store. Because actually choking is about as far from fun as Nick Griffin is from being a DILF, whoever you’re playing with needs to be careful not to get carried away, however awesome your oral may feel – ‘stop’ means ‘right fucking now’, and especially if you’re a beginner, your partner needs to let you control the pace and depth.

‘Halting the action by saying a safe word can be tricky when you have your mouth full, so agree on a signal like tapping him twice on the thigh to let him know you need a break,’ Renee suggests wisely.

• I figured that someone who swallows actual swords for a living would be a great person to ask about swallowing pork swords. Hannibal Helmurto is a sword swallower and extreme stunt performer with The Circus of Horrors, who can not only swallow multiple blades at once, but is also able to slide a light-up neon tube down his gullet.

‘The trick is to try to create a perfect straight line from your mouth all the way down your throat, so that any… ahem, “implement” you’re trying to slip in there has an unimpeded passageway into the pharynx,’ he says.

What’s the best position for deep throat?

A good position to encourage this is to lay flat on your back, with your head hanging over the edge of your bed. Have your partner stand or kneel on the floor with their penis at your mouth level – as though you’re about to 69, except instead of leaning forward to pleasure you, he stays upright.

• ‘Consider propping up a mirror nearby, so he can enjoy watching what’s going on without moving around too much,’ suggests Renee.

• Go s-l-o-w-l-y. Slowly enough to make a sloth on ketamine look like Linford Christie. You can bruise or damage the back of your throat by slamming and ramming his wang in your gob like it’s a crash test dummy. Make your motions smooth and fluid. He’ll need to stay largely still while you gradually take him in, little by little.

How do you breathe when you’re doing deep throat?

• Breathe through your nose, and try exhaling as you guide him back into your mouth.

• ‘I find that if I press my thumb into the palm of my hand while I’m deep-throating, it stops me feeling sick,’ says Rhiannon, 26. ‘No idea how it works – something to do with acupressure? – but it does for me.’

• These ‘Good Head Suckers’ lollipops have a name worse than a pair of twins called Ben and Neil Down, but they’re actually pretty effective if you’re into that kinda thing: the numbing version helps desensitise the back of your throat a little, so you’re not on such a hurling hair-trigger.

• Finally, do get your gent to warn you before he’s about to climax. As Jackie, 32, puts it: ‘If he shoots his load right at the back of your throat, you can end up with a sinus full o’ semen. I could smell spunk for three days.’

Like this? Then you might also be interested in:

NSFW: A Beginner’s Guide To Double Penetration

Here Are A Few Playground Sex Myths That Are Actually True

What The Weird Stuff You Say During Sex Really Means

Follow Alix on Twitter @AlixFox

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