If your child often has a sore throat, you may wonder whether he or she has tonsillitis, or inflamed tonsils. This is a common condition in many children. In the first few years of life, the tonsils, part of the body’s lymph system, help protect the body against germs, and they often become infected.
Not that long ago, children who had frequent sore throats often had their tonsils removed in a procedure called a tonsillectomy, according to the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. Now, doctors are more likely to take a “wait and see” approach. Studies have shown that surgery may not be helpful for all cases. And, there are risks with any surgery, such as bleeding and infection.
So, how will your child’s doctor decide if the procedure is necessary? These are factors that may indicate that surgery is needed:
Seven or more cases of tonsillitis in one year, or five times a year in each of two years
Enlarged tonsils that interfere with breathing
An abscess, or collection of pus indicating infection, in the tonsils
Trouble sleeping as a result of problems from repeated tonsillitis
If your child does need a tonsillectomy, don’t worry about how he or she will fight off future infections. As your child matures, the tonsils become less important as germ-fighters. The rest of your child’s immune system can offer all the protection that he or she needs.
Sore throat in children is a symptom of infection or irritation in the throat. Infection or irritation cause inflammation (swelling, redness, voltage and temperature rise) of the tissues of the throat. The most common symptoms are pain and difficulty swallowing. The pain may persist for one day or more. Young children become cranky, constantly crying, sleep poorly and skip meals. Typically, young children angina difficult to recognize. If the sore throat is caused by infection, marked redness of the mucosa of the mouth and throat or white or yellow spots on the mucosa. Usually, a sore throat occurs when a viral infection with typical symptoms of a cold or flu.
Sore throat in children – what to do?
Bacterial infection sore throat occurs suddenly, together with such serious symptoms as high fever, enlarged lymph nodes of the neck, headache. Sore throats are viral and bacterial nature are difficult to distinguish from each other.
Frequent sore throat are typical for children of school age. Sore throat is a symptom of more than one-third of acute respiratory diseases in children. For children up to 8 years of age accounted for 60% of cases of angina, the peak of the disease occurs between the ages of 5 to 10 years.
Which diseases there is pain in the throat in children:
Causes of sore throat in children: about 3/4 of all cases of sore throat are caused by viruses, 1/4 – bacteria, most often haemolytic streptococcus. In the first case remedial measures are only symptomatic in nature, in the second, we can effectively target the pathogen with antibiotics.
1. Tonsillitis caused by Streptococcus.
Inflammation, a usually localized in the tonsils. Angina is mild, moderate and severe. The disease rarely occurs before the age of 2 years and after 40 years.
– acute onset;
– severe pain in throat, worse when swallowing and talking;
– bad breath;
– temperature above 38°C;
– Palatine tonsils swollen, on the visible surface accumulations of pus (plaque);
– cervical lymph nodes are enlarged, painful;
– if your child is big enough to open your mouth, stick out your tongue and say “Ah”, you can see the tonsils themselves in the form of two pink hemispheres in the depths of the throat, on both sides of uvula (“tab”, located deep throat).
In all cases of angina should be deleted diphtheria!
Symptoms of angina may not go beyond the pain and the sore throat, especially when swallowing. In older children angina is often associated with catarrhal phenomena and cough.
The pain usually appears suddenly, often accompanied by a temperature increase from 37.5 to 40 degrees. High fever provokes the appearance of febrile seizures in predisposed children. Fits of shivering alternating with profuse sweating.
The kids have sore throats often accompany abdominal pain. All children grow and become inflamed cervical, submandibular, and sometimes the occipital lymph nodes, which become painful on palpation. Loss of appetite is a typical symptom for children’s ailments of this kind, with the flu it can complement the two-, three-time vomiting. Also often sick and ears, celebrated their congestion and, as a consequence, hearing loss, this should pay attention of a doctor, as in this case, the cause may be independent from a sore throat and ear infection.
When scarlet fever in children in addition to the above symptoms appear rash all over the body and is characterized by bright blush on the cheeks.
Usually the symptoms start to disappear in 4 to 7 days, although in severe cases the process may require more time and be delayed for 2-3 weeks.
2. Viral pharyngitis is one of the most frequent causes of sore throat.
– moderate redness of the mucous membrane of the pharynx;
– the speakers, sometimes whitish lymph follicles on the posterior wall of the pharynx;
– no plaque;
– cervical lymph nodes are usually not enlarged.
3. Laryngitis (inflammation of the mucous membrane of the larynx) is characterized by a feeling of dryness, tickling, scratching in the throat, hoarseness, dry, “barking” cough;
4. Infectious mononucleosis – a disease caused by a virus Epstein–Barr. The peak incidence is between 15 and 25 years. In 85% of cases, patients reported sore throat. Other symptoms: fever, weakness, headache, nasal congestion, nausea, rash, enlarged lymph nodes, liver and spleen, may be jaundice.
Other causes of sore throat in children:
1. stomatitis (especially herpes, canker and Candida);
2. acute epiglottitis, tracheitis or laryngotracheitis (croup);
3. foreign bodies in the upper respiratory tract;
4. runoff discharge from the nose on the back of the throat, such as in allergic rhinitis (adenoids);
5. irritation of the upper respiratory tract: dry air, smoke, including active and passive Smoking.
See your doctor if:
– your child has a sore throat and there are other symptoms of the disease;
– the child is unable to swallow liquid;
– the child is unable to swallow your own saliva (this suggests a serious case of constricted throat, for example, when phlegmonous angina, or epiglottitis;
– the child makes wheezing sound on inspiration (perhaps croup or epiglottitis).
There are no situations where the child’s throat starts to hurt for no reason.Typically, pain in the throat of the foregoing definitions the operation and status.All types of the disease state of the throat, both adults and children can be classified into several main categories.
What are sore throat in children?
throat the baby can get sick for various reasons, and the main diseases of the throat in children are:
- infectious diseases, among which the most common is a sore throat as a result of infection with strep throat;
- bacterial infection of the throat;
- viral pharyngitis,
- infectious mononucleosis.
Causes throat in children
sore throat may be seasonal.For example, the autumn period – a time when children begin to complain more often parents the pain in my throat.This is natural, since the autumn – the period of acute viral infections and an increased distribution in public places.If the child attends a children’s educational institution, then pick up the infection by air
borne droplets he did not take long
bacterial tonsillitis – one of the main causes of pain in the throat.The disease is rare in children younger than 2 years.However, if the child is still sick with angina, you recognize it is quite difficult.A small child can suffer during a sore throat is not just a sore throat, and pain in the abdomen.Lymph nodes in the bacterial angina increased, and during probing causes a painful reaction.
Strep throat appear symptoms such as sudden onset of fever, chills, loss of appetite, inability to distinguish the taste of food, pain when swallowing, sore throat, bad breath, swollen lymph nodes in the jaw, neck and neck.If you notice your child have these symptoms and they persist for a week period, then consult a doctor, the infection is not transmitted from a sick child the rest of the family.
Kids who become ill with angina, tearful and capricious behave restlessly.The symptoms of viral and bacterial sore throats are very similar, so it is very difficult to determine exactly what the kid got sick.However, laryngeal mucosa of viral sore throat may be covered with yellow and white patches.Temperature bacterial angina increased to 38 ° C or more.The child may suffer from headaches.
viral laryngitis and pharyngitis – diseases that also cause a sore throat.If a child comes to a dry cough, complaining of sore throat and pain during swallowing, and while his voice is hoarse or husky, it signs of laryngitis, iea disease in which inflamed pharyngeal mucosa.If a child complains of a sore throat and the mucous membrane of his throat reddened, but does not have a raid, then it is not like a sore throat.If the child’s throat whitish allocated lymph follicles, most of all, it is a viral pharyngitis.
a 100% diagnosis can only be experienced.If your child complains of persistent pain in the throat, do not try to diagnose or Tutor treatment and consult a doctor.The earlier the correct diagnosis and prescribe medication, the less likely that the disease will go into a state of neglect.Follow the doctor’s instructions carefully, and the condition of the neck of your child is normalized as soon as possible.
more ways to treat sore throats in children
In folk medicine, there are many ways in which you can significantly alleviate the condition of the child, who has a sore throat.These methods are not recommended as the primary treatment.But as an adjunct to medical treatment folk remedies will be very useful.
gargling – a very effective way to relieve pain and recovery.The sooner you begin to teach the child rinse, the more useful it will be for his neck.First, show your child how to gargle, using the usual boiled water.Offer him “pobulkat” neck with you.If you turn this joint exercise in fun, the child will not feel tight and willing to take part in the rinse.
Article topic: How can folk remedies to cure a cough in children
When a child will gargle properly prepared, the transition from boiled water to medicinal infusions.Recipes for such infusions can find yourself, but consult your doctor beforehand about the permissibility of the use of a herbal collection for a small child.
greatly facilitates sore throat abundant warm drink.You can give your child a warm boiled water.If he is not allergic to honey, add honey in warm water or milk.It is a good remedy is tea with raspberries, blueberries or cranberries.