At the back of your throat, two masses of tissue called tonsils act as filters, trapping germs that could otherwise enter your airways and cause infection. They also produce antibodies to fight infection. But sometimes the tonsils themselves become infected. Overwhelmed by bacteria or viruses, they swell and become inflamed, a condition known as tonsillitis.
Tonsillitis is common, especially in children. The condition can occur occasionally or recur frequently.
Causes and Symptoms of Tonsillitis
Bacterial and viral infections can cause tonsillitis. A common cause is Streptococcus (strep) bacteria. Other common causes include:
- Influenza virus
- Epstein-Barr virus
- Parainfluenza viruses
- Herpes simplex virus
The main symptoms of tonsillitis are inflammation and swelling of the tonsils, sometimes severe enough to block the airways. Other symptoms include:
- Throat pain or tenderness
- Redness of the tonsils
- A white or yellow coating on the tonsils
- Painful blisters or ulcers on the throat
- Loss of appetite
- Ear pain
- Difficulty swallowing or breathing through the mouth
- Swollen glands in the neck or jaw area
- Fever, chills
- Bad breath
In children, symptoms may also include:
- Abdominal pain
Treatments for Tonsillitis
Treatment for tonsillitis will depend in part on the cause. To determine the cause, your doctor may perform a rapid strep test or throat swab culture. Both tests involve gently swabbing the back of the throat close to the tonsils with a cotton swab. A lab test can detect a bacterial infection. A viral infection will not show on the test, but may be assumed if the test for bacteria is negative. In some cases, the physical findings are convincing enough to diagnose a probable bacterial infection. In these cases, antibiotics may be prescribed without performing a rapid strep test
If tests reveal bacteria, treatment will consist of antibiotics to cure the infection. Antibiotics may be given as a single shot or taken 10 days by mouth. Although symptoms will likely improve within two or three days after starting the antibiotic, it’s important to take all of the medication your doctor prescribes to make sure the bacteria are gone. Some people need to take a second course of antibiotics to cure the infection.
If the tonsillitis is caused by a virus, antibiotics won’t work and your body will fight off the infection on its own. In the meantime, there are things you can do to feel better, regardless of the cause. They include:
- Get enough rest
- Drink warm or very cold fluids to ease throat pain
- Eat smooth foods, such as flavored gelatins, ice cream, or applesauce
- Use a cool-mist vaporizer or humidifier in your room
- Gargle with warm salt water
- Suck on lozenges containing benzocaine or other anesthetics
- Take over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen.
When Tonsillectomy Is Needed
Tonsils are an important part of the immune system throughout life, so it is best to avoid removing them. However, if tonsillitis is recurrent or persistent, or if enlarged tonsils cause upper airway obstruction or difficulty eating, surgical removal of the tonsils, called tonsillectomy, may be necessary. Most tonsillectomies involve using a conventional scalpel to remove the tonsils; however there are many alternatives to this traditional method. Increasingly doctors are using techniques such as lasers, radio waves, ultrasonic energy, or electrocautery to cut, burn, or evaporate away enlarged tonsils.
As with all surgeries, each of these has benefits and drawbacks. When considering the procedure, it’s important to discuss your options with the surgeon to select the most appropriate one for your child.
What to Expect After Surgery
Tonsillectomy is an outpatient procedure performed under general anesthesia and typically lasting between 30 minutes and 45 minutes. It is most commonly performed in children.
Most children go home about four hours after surgery and require a week to 10 days to recover from it. Almost all children will have throat pain, ranging from mild to severe, after surgery. Some may experience pain in the ears, jaw, and neck. Your child’s doctor will prescribe or recommend medication to ease the pain.
During the recovery period, it’s important for your child to get enough rest. It’s also important to make sure your child gets plenty of fluids; however, you should avoid giving your child milk products for the first 24 hours after surgery. Although throat pain may make your child reluctant to eat, the sooner your child eats, the sooner he or she will recover.
For several days after surgery, your child may experience a low-grade fever and small specks of blood from the nose or saliva. If the fever is greater than 102 degrees Fahrenheit or if you see bright red blood, call your child’s doctor right away. Prompt medical attention may be necessary.
Tonsillitis – a chronic inflammation of the tonsils (tonsils).Most often inflamed tonsils, although they are a major barrier to pathogens falling into the cavity of the mouth and nose, and sometimes may themselves become a place of infection, as it usually happens when tonsillitis.Tonsillitis is acute (eg, angina), as well as chronic.The main features that are characteristic for diseases tonsillitis are smarting and sore throat, red throat, headache, and weakness.This disease are more prone children.Development of the disease is due to the penetration of the virus to the baby, repeated diseases angina, scarlet fever, diphtheria.
the treatment of tonsillitis doctor usually prescribed to patients are the same medications and treatments as in angina:
– antibiotics, antimicrobials;
– tools that enhance the body’s defenses: good nutrition with the use of the required amount of vitamins, physical education;
– the correct mode of the day;
– means immune to enhance immunity;
– funds that have a cleansing effe
ct on the tonsils (tonsils).
Preventive measures include a general hardening of the body.Also recommend eating ice cream in order to “hardening” of the throat.
no less effective treatment of tonsillitis and traditional methods.Here are some of popular recipes that you can try.
1) Take 2 tablespoonsmelilot herb, Marshmallow root, herbs Potentilla goose;1 tbspfruit fennel, burdock root, fruits, anise, calendula flowers, burnet root, heart-shaped linden flower, chamomile flowers, herbs, mallow forest, grass Hypericum perforatum, herb creeping thyme, herb sage.All herbal ingredients need to chop, then mix well.1 tbspthe resulting mixture was poured hot water (0.5 L), then put on the plate and bring to a boil, and then were exposed to heat for a further 5 minutes.We insist the infusion for 15-20 minutes.Next, drain and rinse the form of heat infusion according to the throat and mouth as often as possible to get the desired effect.
2) 2 tbsppharmacy chamomile flowers, flowers Viola tricolor;3 tbsppotato juice;10 ml of tincture of marigold.Plant components must be dry, then pour boiling water (0.5 L), and then push for 20-25 minutes.Using cheesecloth or a sieve, strain the infusion, and then add the fresh potato juice, add a few drops of tincture of calendula and then mix everything.The resulting liquid is to relieve symptoms of tonsillitis need to gargle.
garlic herbal infusion
1 tbspleaves mother and stepmother of common herbs sage;4-5 cloves of garlic.Grass and sage leaves mother and stepmother grind to a fine powder.Take “chesnokodavku” passed through her garlic cloves, and then mixed with the prepared herbal powder.Pour boiling water (1 liter.) The resulting mixture, and then hold for 15 minutes garlic-herb mixture in a water bath.Cooled to room temperature, composition and re-infused for 45 minutes.The resulting infusion is filtered.This folk remedy is very effective in the treatment of sore throats and tonsillitis if they rinse the throat and mouth several times a day.
Corky walnut, honey
For the treatment of this popular method required 5 tbsphoney (honey can be used instead of sugar) and 5 tbspcrusts walnuts (green).Corky chopped walnuts, honey-drenched, put on the stove and bring to a boil (if it is necessary to stir constantly).Infuse for 2 hours.Take 1 tsp1 glass of water three times – four times a day.
infusion of sage and garlic 2 tablespoons
sage leaves, 4-5 cloves of garlic.Sage grind to a fine powder.Using “chesnokodavku” skip the garlic cloves, and then mixed with the resultant powder plant.Pour the mixture with boiling water (1 l.) And for 2 hours in a sealed container insist then kept for 15 minutes in a water bath.Strain and cool to room temperature.Take a quarter cup three times – four times a day, and also to rinse the throat according infusion every 3 hours.
Get rid of tonsillitis and help this popular method of treatment: Take 1 egg, 2 tablespoonshoney, 0.5 liters of milk, 1 tbspunsalted butter.Beat the egg, then add a small piece of butter and honey.Until smooth creamed mixture, then add the warmed milk.Then all you need to mix thoroughly.The resulting drink is a drink warmer, 1 glass during the day, and the last glass is necessary to use at night.
Kalanchoe juice and buckwheat honey
ingredients necessary for the preparation of the next national funds: 40 ml Kalanchoe juice, 6 tablespoons of buckwheat honey.Mince the lower leaves of Kalanchoe, pre-wash them.Connect and mix the juice with honey.Within 2 weeks every day to lubricate the prepared folk remedy tonsils (tonsils), then another 2 weeks to do the same, but only once in two days.You can use the prepared mixture into: 1 tspbefore a meal three times a day until complete healing in diseases of the throat, tonsillitis.After a month of application must be a break of 7-10 days, and then treated according to the national method can again be repeated.
Long years and good health!
Simply put, tonsillitis is the inflammation of the tonsils which consist of a pair of lymph nodes situated at the back of your throat, one on each side. Working to prevent microbes from entering your body, the tonsils are not impervious to getting infected from time to time. Anyone can get tonsillitis, although it is very common in children.
Tonsillitis is caused by different kinds of bacteria and viruses. However, the most common culprit behind the problem is the streptococcus bacteria or more commonly known as strep. Some of the common signs and symptoms of tonsillitis are:
• Sore throat
• Red tonsils with white or yellow spots
• Painful or difficulty in swallowing
• Raspy voice
• Bad breath
• Tenderness of the neck and jaw
It’s important to note that tonsillitis is a contagious disease. If left untreated, it may lead to complications such as middle ear infection, rheumatic fever and obstructive sleep apnea. There are different medical treatments and home remedies available for tonsillitis. Read on to get to know them.
A physical examination of the throat, a throat culture, and considering the signs and symptoms allow a doctor to determine whether or not you have tonsillitis. In mild cases, such as something brought about by the common cold, the condition requires no medical treatment. However, the following may be warranted if you are having a bout of severe tonsillitis:
• Administration of antibiotics. If the problem is caused by a bacterial infection, your doctor is likely to prescribe antibiotics. It’s a must for you to complete the course of the treatment in order to prevent the development of a more powerful bacteria strain that may be resistant to low doses of antibiotics. It’s not unlikely for your doctor to schedule a follow-up examination in order to determine if the treatment via antibiotics was effective.
• Surgical removal of the tonsils. In medical terms, tonsillectomy is the word used to refer to the removal of the tonsils surgically. In the past, it’s a very common procedure. These days, however, doctors prefer to recommend it only for individuals who experience tonsillitis repeatedly. Tonsillectomy is also ideal for those who fail to respond to other medical treatments or are at risk of the complications of tonsillitis.
Just like what’s mentioned earlier, mild cases of tonsillitis do not require medical treatments. There are home remedies that are known to help deal with the various symptoms of the condition as well as keep in check the infection. Opting for these home remedies is also ideal for those who wish to dodge the common side effects of antibiotics, such as diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, abdominal discomfort and rash. Here they are:
• Lemon juice. Consuming lemon juice helps flood the body with vitamin C, a nutrient that helps boost the immune system. It’s a good idea to opt for freshly-squeezed lemon juice and without any added sugar.
• Honey. Thanks to its superb antimicrobial properties, honey can put an end to your tonsillitis in no time. All you have to do is dissolve up to 4 tablespoons of pure honey in a glass of water. Take the mix 2 to 3 times per day.
• Turmeric. Adding a pinch of turmeric in a glass of warm milk allows for the creation of a super effective home remedy for tonsillitis. Turmeric is a spice known to possess impressive antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties.
• Ginger tea. Many people swear by the effectiveness of ginger tea in dealing with tonsillitis. That’s because ginger is capable of suppressing both inflammation as well as microbial proliferation. To make a cup of this anti-tonsillitis beverage, simple crush a small cube of ginger and allow it to steep in a cup of boiling water for a few minutes.
• Onion juice. Gargling with the juice extracted from chopped up onions is a wonderful way to treat tonsillitis. It doesn’t come as a surprise because onions are known for their amazing antimicrobial properties.